Summary of Watergate Landmark Condo Assoc’n v Wiss, Janey, Elstenr Assocs 117 F R D 576 
Joinder: By Dfs – 3rd Party Claims
Relevant Facts: The Condo Assoc’n hired a real estate mgnt firm to oversee maintenance of the units. When the owners reported that the balconies were crumbling the real estate firm hired an engineering firm (Dfs) to draw specification for repairing the balconies. On the basis of their specification they then hired Brisk Waterproofing to do the repairs. Those repairs failed to satisfy the owners.
Legal Issue(s): Whether the Real Estate firm’s third party claim is maintainable against Brisk under Rule 14 (a) ?
Court’s Holding: NO
Procedure: In response to the owners’(Assoc’n) complaint, the real estate firm filed an Answer and a cross claim against Dfs, and a 3rd party against Brisk, alleging Brisk is solely responsible for all liability. Brisk moved to dismiss under Rule 12 (b) (6); Motion is granted and 3rd party complaint is dismissed w/o prejudice.
Law or Rule(s): Rule 14 (a) – A 3rd Party complaint is appropriate only where the 3rd Party Df would be secondarily or derivatively liable to the Df in the event the Df is held liable to the Pl.
Court Rationale: A 3rd party claim can be maintained ONLY if the liability it asserts is in some way derivative of the main claim. Under the Rule, supra, a 3rd party claim is appropriate ONLY in cases where the proposed 3rd party Df would be secondarily liable to the original Df in the event the latter is liable to the Pl. 3rd Party may not be impleaded merely b/c he MAY be liable to the Pl. Where the Df states “Its not me, its him," the claim must fail. Litigants must look to some other rule of law on which to base a 3rd party complaint. Real estate firm and Brisk did not share a common duty to the Assoc’n and the acts giving rise to the main claim and 3rd party claim were separate in time, place, and occurrence.
Plaintiff’s Argument : [Assoc’n] The real estate firm and the engineering firm are liable to the Assoc’n.
Df 3rd Party Complaint : [Real Estate] Brisk is solely responsible for the failure to perform.