Adderley v. Florida
385 U.S. 39 (1966)
Facts: Petitioners were convicted of trespass with a malicious and mischievous intent when they went to a jail to protest.
Issue: Was the conviction unconstitutional?
Rationale: The US Constitution does not forbid a State to control the use of its own property for its own lawful nondiscriminatory purpose. The sheriff, as jail custodian, had power, as the state courts have here held, to direct that this large crowd of people get off the jail grounds. There is no evidence that the sheriff found the content of petitioners’ speech to be objectionable. The record reveals that he objected only to their presence on that part of the jail grounds reserved for jail uses.