Summary of Nebbia v. New York
291 U.S. 502, 54 S.Ct. 505, 78 L.Ed. 940 (1934).
Facts: NY enacted statue which fixes the price that stores charge for milk because the state was having a milk surplus. Store person was convicted of selling below that price. He appeals on the ground that his business doesn’t affect the public interest (it’s not a utility company, etc.) and thus doesn’t fall under the previously established exception to states violating due process rights.
Issue: Does price-setting violate due process rights?
Reasoning: There is no closed category of business affected with a public interest. The function of courts while applying the 14th amendment is to determine whether the state’s regulations are reasonable. A state may adopt any reasonable economic policy to promote public welfare.
Dissent: The court below has not indicated how charging impoverished customers more for milk helps the public welfare. Means-ends connection is too weak. Fixing a price screws with the supply/demand curve and will only hurt the milk producers.